Paper A37

Directional coupling of optical signals by odd dark beams with mixed phase dislocations

D. Neshev, A. Dreischuh, G.G. Paulus, H. Walther


Numerical simulations on the evolution of step-screw and edge-screw optical phase dislocations in bulk saturable self-defocusing nonlinear media are presented, with emphasis on their ability to induce steering waveguides for signal beams (pulses). Two schemes for directional coupling of such signals, both ensuring a reasonable coupling-to-cross-talk efficiency ratio, are investigated. The parameters useful for performance optimization of the couplers are discussed.