L. Stoyanov, G. Maleshkov, M. Zhekova, I. Stefanov, G. G. Paulus, and A. Dreischuh
In this work, we demonstrate experimentally the formation of 10 different structures consisting of bright beams with flat phase fronts in the focus of a lens (i.e., in the artificial far field). The basic structure used is a large, stable, square-shaped optical vortex (OV) array composed of vortices with alternating topological charges (TCs). The TCs of one individual OV, of a subarray of OVs, or of the complete OV lattice were erased/doubled in the cases of perfect superposition (on-site alignment) or are manipulated in phase in the cases of an offset between the vortices (off-site alignment). A dramatic reshaping of the beam is observed in the far field and shown to be in excellent agreement with numerical simulations.